Risk factors of stroke
• High Blood Pressure
• Heart disease especially an irregular heart beat known as Atrial Fibrillation (AF)
• High cholesterol
• Obesity/poor diet
• Numbness/weakness in face, arm, or leg
• Difficulty speaking
• Severe dizziness, loss of balance
• Sudden dimness, loss of vision
• Sudden intense headache
• Brief loss of consciousness
• There are 750,000 stroke victims every year
• 160,000 strokes result in death
• 266,000 survive the stroke with permanent disabilities
• 30,000 stroke survivors are new permanent admissions to nursing homes every year
• Physicians cannot typically order diagnostic carotid artery testing for an asymptomatic individual
• 50 percent of stroke victims show no prior symptoms
• The direct and indirect costs associated with stroke tally more then $300 billion per year
• Over the course of a lifetime, four out of every five American families will be touched by stroke.
• Approximately one-third of all stroke survivors will have another stroke within five years.
• Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult disability.
• Stroke kills more than twice as many American women every year as breast cancer.
Risk factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA)
• Being a male older than age of 60
• High blood pressure
• Atherosclerosis (deposits of fat and cholesterol called plaque build up on the arterys inner wall, causing the lining to deteriorate)
• Inflammation of the arteries
• Infection (fungal or bacterial)
• Chlamydia pneumoniae
• Steady, vague pain in the lower back
• A pulsating and/or tender mass in the abdomen
• An unexplained feeling of fullness after eating only small amounts of food
• A lack of blood flow to a body part
Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm statistics
• The mortality rate from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is 90-95 percent. The mortality rate from planned surgical treatment is less than 5 percent.
• Once discovered, an aneurysm is measured in diameter and carefully monitored. When it grows beyond five centimeters in size, the aneurysm is surgically removed.
• The vast majority of people who have an aneurysm have no symptoms. The most common symptoms are back pain, rigidity in the abdomen or tenderness in the abdomen.
• Some medical research indicates that as many as eight out of every 100 people older than age 60 have an undetected AAA.
• Approximately one in every 250 people over the age of 50 will die of a ruptured AAA.
• Males are at least four times more likely to have a AAA than females.
• AAA is the 13th leading cause of death in the U.S.