Risk factors, warning signs of stroke

Risk factors of stroke

• High Blood Pressure

• Heart disease – especially an irregular heart beat known as Atrial Fibrillation (AF)

• Smoking

• Diabetes

• High cholesterol

• Obesity/poor diet

Warning signs

• Numbness/weakness in face, arm, or leg

• Difficulty speaking

• Severe dizziness, loss of balance

• Sudden dimness, loss of vision

• Sudden intense headache

• Brief loss of consciousness

Stroke statistics

• There are 750,000 stroke victims every year

• 160,000 strokes result in death

• 266,000 survive the stroke with permanent disabilities

• 30,000 stroke survivors are new permanent admissions to nursing homes every year

• Physicians cannot typically order diagnostic carotid artery testing for an asymptomatic individual

• 50 percent of stroke victims show no prior symptoms

• The direct and indirect costs associated with stroke tally more then $300 billion per year

• Over the course of a lifetime, four out of every five American families will be touched by stroke.

• Approximately one-third of all stroke survivors will have another stroke within five years.

• Stroke is one of the leading causes of adult disability.

• Stroke kills more than twice as many American women every year as breast cancer.

Risk factors for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms (AAA)

• Being a male older than age of 60

• Smoker

• Heredity

• High blood pressure

• Atherosclerosis (deposits of fat and cholesterol ‘called plaque’ build up on the artery’s inner wall, causing the lining to deteriorate)

• Inflammation of the arteries

• Infection (fungal or bacterial)

• Chlamydia pneumoniae

Warning signs

• Steady, vague pain in the lower back

• A pulsating and/or tender mass in the abdomen

• An unexplained feeling of fullness after eating only small amounts of food

• A lack of blood flow to a body part

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm statistics

• The mortality rate from a ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm is 90-95 percent. The mortality rate from planned surgical treatment is less than 5 percent.

• Once discovered, an aneurysm is measured in diameter and carefully monitored. When it grows beyond five centimeters in size, the aneurysm is surgically removed.

• The vast majority of people who have an aneurysm have no symptoms. The most common symptoms are back pain, rigidity in the abdomen or tenderness in the abdomen.

• Some medical research indicates that as many as eight out of every 100 people older than age 60 have an undetected AAA.

• Approximately one in every 250 people over the age of 50 will die of a ruptured AAA.

• Males are at least four times more likely to have a AAA than females.

• AAA is the 13th leading cause of death in the U.S.

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